Waterborne diseases cause thousands of deaths every year, and because of this, water purification in homes is becoming more necessary and urgent. While the relevant bodies may be doing their best to ensure that your household accesses clean water, you also have a responsibility to ensure the same. Purifying your water before you use it will ensure that your family is out of harm’s way. There are different methods that you can use to purify your water.
Each method has its own merits, and depending on your needs; you can use one or two of them. Different techniques also serve different purposes. For instance, chlorine removal and filtering are suitable for removing basic sediments. On the other hand, reverse osmosis and distillation remove various residues and contaminants. Here are some of the processes that you can use to remove unwanted byproducts from your water.
This is the cheapest and most accessible water purification system. Your water sources or the channels of distribution might make your water unsafe as it passes through. For instance, if your channels are contaminated with parasites and germs, they could get into your water, and the effects could be life-threatening.
To purify your water, bring it to a boil and leave it boiling for 1 to 3 minutes. If you live at a high altitude, it’s best to let your water boil longer than people who live in lower altitudes. Once your water is ready, cover it and leave it to cool.
This purification method uses heat to collect pure water in the form of vapor. It is effective because, scientifically, water has a lower boiling point than most contaminants and elements inside it. Contaminants that cannot be seen by the bare eye, such as heavy metals, germs, bacteria, and plastic in tap water, are not uncommon. The most efficient way to rid your water of them is through distillation.
In this process, water is heated and directed into a condenser so that it can cool. Once cooled, the vapor reverses back into liquid water and is safe and clean for drinking. Sediments and other substances with higher boiling points are left inside the container. This method is ideal if you mainly access untreated raw water.
Filtration is an effective way of purifying water, and when you use the correct filters, it will be effective in removing different compounds from your water. Filtration uses both physical and chemical processes to make your water safe for consumption. This method gets rid of small and large particles as well as hazardous contaminants.
It is among the most effective and healthy methods because it does not deplete all the mineral salts present in your water. When compared to reverse osmosis, it is more efficient in selectively removing small compounds such as pesticides. Lastly, this method is less costly, and it is energy-efficient.
Water purification is essential and necessary if you want a continuous supply of clean water. There are several other purification processes that you can use, including chlorination and reverse osmosis. The information above will help you pick the best method depending on your needs.